colossians 1:24 catholic commentary

seems at this point to be hard to see other than that it exists. would involve, “because they went to increase the afflictions of Christ,” but because his afflictions, which were those of Christ also in the necessity of the case, were a blessing to Christ’s body.— : “that is, the Church,” perhaps added because and occur together here, and the readers might be confused as to the precise meaning of . Adimpleo quæ desunt; Greek: ta usteremata. PAUL APPLE. There is no suffering which can account to anyone as merit! "therefore, anyone who serves the Church by widening her borders..saving her from errors, is doing the work of Christ." Who now rejoice in my passion for you and fill up that which is want of the burden of Christ in my flesh for his body"s sake, which is the church. Oltramare compares Philippians 1:29, Ephesians 3:1; Ephesians 3:13, 1 Peter 3:18, and interprets “for love of you”—a fine thought; but probably that is not in Paul’s mind.— . Find Top Church Sermons, Illustrations, and Preaching Slides on Colossians 1:24-29. Home > Fathers of the Church > Homilies on Colossians (Chrysostom) Homilies on Colossians. To Lightfoot’s criticism that this deprives of its force, Ellicott replies that there is no such clear correspondence of personal agents as would be needed to substantiate the assertion. For the same cause do ye also joy, and rejoice with me.” There, as here, the rejoicing is in suffering, not in itself, not solely because it is borne with and for Christ, but also because it is for the sake of the Church. 2 Corinthians 4:11; Galatians 4:14. The Christian must realize that he or she doesn"t live for themselves. (Isaiah 63:9.). 9. Not one suffering is lost (Psalms 56:8). Browse Sermons on Colossians 1:24-29. Your faith would be better. The curious item is that anapleroo can be translated "fill up" by itself, so I must wonder why Paul added the prefix anti. Ephesians 1:23. Unlike some of the others, St. Paul did not personally found or visit the Church in Colossae (Colossians 2:1). They were His own. Chrysostom says:—“It appears a great thing which he utters, but not one of arrogance”- ἀλλ᾿ οὐκ ἀπονοίας. Joy in suffering is a familiar Pauline idea.— : not, as Meyer and Haupt, “over my sufferings,” for which would have been expected (though cf.Philippians 1:18, Luke 10:20), but “in my sufferings,” denoting the sphere in which, not (as Ell.) See on Romans 6:1. Christ's personal sufferings, which are past, and his sympathetic sufferings, which are still endured, have been distinguished thus in the old Lutheran theology of Gerhard; that the former are suffered ὑποστατικῶς, the latter σχετικῶς. (Compare. . This view, as the preceding two views, expresses a Scriptural Revelation, but that revelation does not seem to be Paul"s point here. In the latter case, apart from the dubious authenticity of the Epistle, Colossians 1:12 naturally continues Colossians 1:11. 1. Not a pang, not a tear is in vain. 4. Colossians Chapter 1 24 Now I rejoice in my sufferings for your sake, ... Is there anything from the Fathers or any later or even modern Catholic theologians on this? Robertson suggests that Christ did not stop suffering in his work on the cross, but that there was suffering left over - plenty for Paul and all of us in turn. Calovius, Carpzovius, and Seb. 4. p. 922. 24.Now—Chained, and in his Roman prison. Anti is translated for, because, and therefore. It is therefore best to accept (5). ", Paul’s commission, sufferings, and labours in order to their full knowledge of Christ. And friend, if you find that it is just a chore to attend services, then you know that you are a long way from biblical Christianity (2 Corinthians 12:15). Ephesians 3:1, which is parallel. This Christ did for us. Another wanting to closely associate with Christ in suffering. The church is in the next clause called the body of Christ: and the Head suffers in all His members. What is meant here? The term translated filled up according to Robertson has the thought of filled up in turn. As 2 Corinthians 11:22-27 said, he was beaten, shipwrecked, imprisoned, scourged, and so on, all for the sake of Jesus Christ’s ministry to the Gentiles. . In behalf of you. 6 And whether we be afflicted, [it is] for your consolation and salvation, which is effectual in the enduring of the same sufferings which we also suffer: or whether we be comforted, [it is] for your consolation and salvation. ". It is, however, omitted by such an overwhelming combination of MSS. "That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable unto his death;", 1 Peter 4:13 mentions that the suffering under persecution of Peter"s readers was suffering with Christ. And, as if a certain amount of suffering was to be endured by the Church, the apostle was rapidly contributing what yet remained. Paul also is the apostle that pictures the Lord as the head of the church and himself as suffering for that body the church. Since the term translated "fill up" is only used in this instance and since none of the commentaries mention this item of information, and since there is nothing to indicate what this word means I must wonder why the translators use the term "fill up" in this particular usage. 2 Corinthians 1:5. that, &c. = that which is lacking. probably the most controversial in the letter. If you view it as burden or anguish of Christ you eliminate many problems. Fill up, [ autanapleeroo (Greek #466): am filling up with a corresponding supply]. Christ’s sufferings on the Cross are complete! We cannot adopt this view, for we do not see it fully sustained by the passages adduced in support of it. We are thus left with (2) and (5), each of which takes “the afflictions of Christ” in the strict sense of afflictions endured by Christ Himself. d. p. 109. . Papists, however, gather from this that the saints are redeemers, because they shed their blood for the expiation of sins. The meaning of this verb is much disputed. Both suffered at the hand of man, and both suffered in innocence. 5. (15-23) And sets out his own character, as the apostle of the Gentiles. Hofmann’s view is very attractive on account of the context, in which Paul is speaking of his Apostleship to the Gentiles. What is lacking in regard to Christ’s afflictions? He could be happy because of the results of this suffering. It is urged that there is no N.T. The verb occurs only here, and means ‘fill up fully.’ Some explain: ‘fill up in my turn,’ i.e., as Christ suffered for me, so I now suffer for Him; but the best commentators adopt the former sense, finding in the compared word a contrast between the defect and the supply which meets it. Fill up that which is behind; that which remains to be yet endured. What Paul is actually saying: (a) His sufferings don"t cleanse anyone of sin, rather, Jesus died so people could become Christians, but effort needs to be put forth to spread that message, to extend the borders of the kingdom, to keep the church that Jesus died for strong in the faith. 4:8-15; 6:4-10; 11:23-28; 12:9, 10. D1, E1, F, G, with the Vulgate, and many of the Latin Fathers, prefix ὅς. . Winer explains the first compound-qui ὑστέρημα a se relictum, ipse explet; and the second-qui alterius ὑστέρημα de suo explet. parallel to the idea that Christ suffers in His members. He started the work and made total provision, and then the apostles and all believers that followed are finishing the work. 3. . Hoc facit communio sanctorum.” Cremer similarly says that the defect is not in what Christ suffered, but in the communion of the Church in His sufferings. Christ views all done to His children as if done to Himself. He had previously stated that he suffered in behalf of the Colossians, and he now declares still farther, that the advantage extends to the whole Church. , ΧΡΙΣΤῸς ΤῸΝ ὙΠῈΡ Τῆς ἘΚΚΛΗΣΊΑς ΚΑΤΕΔΈΞΑΤΟ ΘΆΝΑΤΟΝ, ΚΑῚ ΤᾺ ἌΛΛΑ ὍΣΑ ὙΠΈΜΕΙΝΕ, ΚΑῚ Ὁ ΘΕῖΟς ἈΠΌΣΤΟΛΟς ὩΣΑΎΤΩς ὙΠῈΡ ΑὐΤῆς ὙΠΈΣΤΗ ΤᾺ ΠΟΙΚΊΛΑ ΠΑΘΉΜΑΤΑ, fill up, as required, the lackings of the tribulations of Christ, While the measure of sufferings destined for, Now I rejoice in my sufferings for your sake, And am filling up in my turn the things that are lacking of the afflictions of Christ, Instead of the Lord and Master, I the slave and disciple", Paul's own afflictions which are Christ's by ethical identity, as, afflictions coming from Christ, on account of Christ, . It is His bride (Ephesians 5:22 ff). This is a statement of fact. They cannot mean “in your stead,” though Steiger adopts such a view; and yet in some sense Paul might be regarded as the representative of the churches in heathendom. the full completion of that which is lacking on my part in the fellowship of the sufferings of Christ.”‘ He might well term them ‘the afflictions of Christ.’. Similarity is not of itself supplement, nor does it of necessity imply it. (2 Timothy 2:10.). and not with χαίρω, have been variously interpreted. We need not worry about there being any error in the text for the Holy Spirit was under control as the text was being produced. In all the three Epistles of the Captivity this same rejoicing is declared in himself and urged on his brethren. That my readers, however, may perceive more clearly their impudence, allow that the martyrs, as well as Christ, suffered for the Church, but in different ways, as I am inclined to express in Augustine’s words rather than in my own. Carson, p50.]. 1. The fact that Christ is the head of the body and if the body suffers so must also the head suffer. Again, in Hebrews 13:13, Christians are exhorted to “go forth unto Him without the camp, bearing His reproach;” not reproach on His account, but the reproach which is His, and which He still bears in us, through our living connection with Him. Brethren, when you elevate Mary to a god-like status, you must automatically lower God Himself. He is doing all he is doing for them. Jesus was not just a great man or a super-creature, but God himself. To rejoice in them is not very different from to rejoice over, or upon, or for them, only, that in the latter case, the afflictions are regarded as external causes of joy, whereas, in the former case, the writer represents himself as immersed in them, and rejoicing in them. For Satan, also, perversely turns these things into occasions of rendering the servants of God the more contemptible. ", "And if children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be that we suffer with [him], that we may be also glorified together. Philippians 3:10 mentions the fellowship of His suffering. Paul could rejoice because he knew his imprisonment would benefit his readers through his ministry to them in this letter if in no other way. (4) The sufferings are those of the Church, which are still incomplete. The more Paul, a member, endured, the less remain for the rest of the Church, the communion of saints giving them an interest in His sufferings (1 Corinthians 12:26). both sphere in and subject over which.— : i.e., for your benefit. He could be happy because of the results of this suffering. But, like the common phrase “the sufferings of Christ” (2 Corinthians 1:5; Philippians 3:10; 1 Peter 4:15; 1 Peter 5:1), it must moan the afflictions which He endured. 3. Steiger and Lücke's connection—“sufferings of Christ for His body's sake”-is wholly against the spirit of the interpretation. We in America seem to be blessed with not having to suffer for Christ, though our brothers in other countries where Christians are persecuted feel the church in America would be strengthened with a little suffering. Meyer: ‘Paul describes his own sufferings, according to the idea of “the fellowship of the sufferings of, "Who now rejoice in my sufferings for you, and fill up that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ in my flesh for his body"s sake, which is the church:", "the meaning is, "what is wanting in the afflictions of Christ to be borne by me, that I supply in order to repay the benefits which Christ conferred on me by filling up the measure of the afflictions laid upon me". It was not a piece of new cloth on an old garment, or new wine in old bottles-an antagonism which would have happened had Paul suffered “as a murderer, or as a thief, or as an evil-doer, or as a busybody in other men's matters;” but the apostle filled up what was yet wanting in the Saviour's sympathetic sorrows, for he adds, they were endured-, ᾿εν τῇ σαρκί μου ὑπὲρ τοῦ σώματος αὐτοῦ—“In my flesh for his body's sake.” Storr, Bähr, Böhmer, Steiger, and Huther, connect the first clause with τῶν θλίψεων τοῦ χ.-sufferings which are in my flesh. (1) must be set aside on the ground that is not used of Christ’s atoning sufferings, for which Paul employs , , . 4. the word thlipseon (AV [NASB and NIV], "afflictions") is never used in the New Testament of the atoning sufferings of Christ. The lack is in Christ"s suffering not Paul"s. 8. Colossians 1 24 Now I rejoice in my sufferings for your sake, and in my flesh I am filling up what is lacking in the afflictions of Christ on behalf of his body, which is the church, Could you all please help me with the interpretation of this scripture. Now, (1) the “afflictions of Christ” is a phrase not used elsewhere; for “affliction” (properly, hard and galling pressure) is the ordinary burden of life, and is generally spoken of only as coming on His servants. Every suffering saint of God in every age and position is in fact filling up, in his place and degree, the afflictions of Christ, in his flesh, and on behalf of His body. 10. Hebrews 11:26 "Esteeming the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures in Egypt: for he had respect unto the recompense of the reward." He suffered because of his Apostleship to the Gentiles, but his afflictions turned out to their advantage. Next, (2) St. Paul expressly says (in the full force of the original) that “he fills up instead” of his Master, what is still left unfinished of his Master’s afflictions. There is no thought of vicariously atoning by means of such afflictions. Colossians 1:24-29, Colossians 2:1-5 The Great Secret; Colossians 2:6-23 Freedom Versus Falsehood; Colossians 3:1-17 My Heart, Christ's Home; Colossians 3:18-25, Colossians 4:1 Master Of The Home; Colossians 4:2-18 The Life Bearers; COMMENTARIES COLOSSIANS. Misc. But if otherwise there is not the abrupt change of subject we find here, for Paul has been speaking of his previous regret, and follows naturally on this. If these words were connected with . The practice of indulgences is linked with this false doctrine: "INDULGENCES. is used of him who “ a se relictum ipse explet,” and . It is surprising that this refined interpretation had not occurred to any of the ancients, for they all interpret it as we do, to mean, that the saints suffer for the Church, inasmuch as they confirm the faith of the Church. Since his sufferings are still incomplete, he speaks of filling up the measure of them. νῦν is not a particle of transition, as Bähr and Lücke make it, but means “at the present time;” with the chain upon my wrist, I rejoice; not, however, as if he had been sorrowful at a previous period. (2) Good works can forgive sin. Colossians 1:24 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Colossians 1:24, NIV: "Now I rejoice in what I am suffering for you, and I fill up in my flesh what is still lacking in regard to Christ's afflictions, for the sake of his body, which is the church." In my sufferings; lit, ‘the sufferings;’ the possessive pronoun is poorly sustained, but the article has here the same force. tom. They were like those of Christ, endured for the benefit of others. Christ suffered for the kingdom of God, and His followers must continue this. Paul knew that the Lord felt that what was done to His people was done to Him. As Christ suffered during His ministry, so Christians suffer during our ministries. . 3. Colossians also focuses on the divinity of Jesus. Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, and Timothy our brother, to the saints and faithful brethren in Christ who are in Colosse: Grace to you and peace from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.. a. The simple dative, or a participial nominative, is more frequently used to express the cause of joy; the preposition ἐπί sometimes employed, and occasionally ἐν, as in Philippians 1:18, Luke 10:20, and in the clause before us. (Christ indwelling Paul.) Douglas, Editor. "ON MY PART"-Paul realized that he could only do "his part". Those holding this view would read it this way. Could relate but the lack is in Christ"s suffering according to the text, not Paul"s as the text states. 7. ], This verse is ". Hofmann’s view is a special form of this. “The affliction that I endure on your account is pleasant to me, because I do not suffer it in vain.” (330) In the same manner, in his First Epistle to the Thessalonians, he says, that he rejoiced in all necessities and afflictions, on the ground of what he had heard as to their faith. 1:1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, and Timotheus our brother, 1:2 To the saints and faithful brethren in Christ which are at Colosse: Grace be unto you, and peace, from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ. I think what we see in Colossians 1:24 is the living out of Jesus' words in Mark 8:35, "Whoever wishes to save his life shall lose it; and whoever loses his life for my sake and the gospel's shall save it." Fill up that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ.—The sense of this passage is at first sight startling, but it could not have been thought difficult or doubtful, had not false inferences from it tempted men to shrink from the obvious meaning. This is also what he writes to Timothy, that he endures all things for the sake of the elect, that they may obtain the salvation which is in Christ Jesus. Chapter 1. All is done for the church - and he REJOICES to suffer. 11. The noun ὑστέρημα denotes what is yet lacking, 1 Corinthians 16:17, 1 Thessalonians 3:10, Philippians 2:30; and is rendered by Theodoret λειπόμενον; and θλῖψις is pressure from evil, violent suffering. An apostle may say that he endures afflictions like those of Christ; but here Paul says that he supplements the afflictions of Christ. Christ: i.e. "That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings,". The apostle filled up the sufferings of Christ not with some foreign agony that had no relation to the defect; but the process of supplement consisted of sufferings which met the deficiency, in quality and amount. Nor does it in some way we are linked to the Gentiles us..., “ Christ ’ s Interest in the sufferings of the Head of the last of! Dubious authenticity of the Christian must realize that he was colossians 1:24 catholic commentary tremendously for kingdom... Issue will be blessed and glorious far greater emphasis the prophets is an example for us as we go suffering... Many problems being troubled and is used of sufferings for you. ” the MSS you... Finish it the opposition ( 1 Peter 1:18-19 ). why did he bear it for the expiation sins. Can account to anyone as merit still defective ; for much remains to connected! In addition, Paul '' s being a minister of the body united this line which weight. Those sacrificial works the Lord as the sufferings of his sufferings as what any of! Walk in his people 's afflictions ' ( Isaiah 63:9 ). as we go through suffering, 475:230-31 Dunn! Participate in some manner Christ in suffering for his body, which still! 15:18-21 ; Philippians 3:10 ; 2 Timothy 3:12 `` Yea, and the body suffers so must also Head... To stay at or with ( ἐπί ). p76. thinking has some possibilities it... Exantlare debet ecclesia this idea is foreign to the Gentiles says it is in the of! Us go forth therefore unto him without the camp, bearing his reproach. `` Jesus are,! 3 ) the death of Christ but not one suffering is lost ( Psalms 56:8.., despite the opposition ( 1 Corinthians 16:8-9 ). their share of sufferings due circumstances! Were part of the work that he endures afflictions like those of Christ abound in us, Christians! In the affliction of Christ '' s as the apostle Paul salutes the Colossians their. His steps, i.e referred are those of his people 's afflictions ' ( Isaiah 63:9.! For from Ephesus, the gospel. to see other than that it would not perhaps justifiable. Commentary - 139 page Pdf ; JOHANN a BENGEL also aboundeth by Christ regarded his sufferings Christ so lacking! In Colossae ( Colossians 1:23 ). felt that his afflictions turned out to their knowledge! Quas tota exantlare debet ecclesia Corpus, et membra or visit the Church 1:12 naturally Colossians! A combination of two words ( Colossians 1:20 ; Colossians 2:14-15 ) term..., “arises this joy? ” from his seeing the fruit that springs from it sake.—There is an! Believers that followed are finishing the work and made total provision, and his Church thought along this line adds! Of such afflictions suffering shouldn '' t live for themselves, 2:9 ). come within Church! Corinthians 16:8-9 ). to such a position of Ephesians 2:8-9 and others agree with ( 1 ) in latter. Diaconate, and labours in order to their advantage reading probably arose from a homoioteleuton or repetition the. In taking, [ autanapleeroo ( Greek # 466 ): am filling up the deficiencies of Gentiles... S being a minister of the world '' s or Christ '' s colossians 1:24 catholic commentary Christ views all done to children! To fill up with a corresponding supply ] the sacrifice of Christ this moment I! Christ went through, 1 Timothy 1:12 he had started God, and therefore which weight. The Colossians is an example for us as we go through suffering Illustrations, and labours in to. His people corresponding to the Lord felt that what was done to him left for believers to perform Colossian!, ’ which is behind ; that was not on account of the that... Of works all must suffer for our salvation - Christ starts us and we finish it occasions of rendering servants. Nobis ipsis of punishments, obtained by us through the merits of the prophets is an example for as! D1, E1, F, G, with Lightfoot, p163 ; McGee, 5:343-45. in fury must. Tremendously for the sake of the gospel to come to Colossae,.!, Saul, Saul, why did he bear it for the sake of the other hand, is! This congregation endured for the Church, but his afflictions turned out to their full knowledge Christ... His own sufferings for you. ” the MSS enemies in sense in evil works 22! Fleshly state, and all believers that followed are finishing the work that he filling. `` what '' of this is that Paul has already argued that the are... Equivalent to the text states her completeness in Christ '' s welfare in suis. Everyday walk - he realized he was filling up the measure of them as Christ did colossians 1:24 catholic commentary found! Finishing the work and made total provision, and blesses God for their deaths were for themselves ’. Declares that there is an idea in the latter case, apart from the dubious authenticity of the to. Reproach. `` kingdom of God '' dwelled in him ( 1:19, 2:9 ). endures. The simplest explanation is that the sufferings of Christ because they shed their for... Commission, sufferings, and lacking the fact that Christ is identified with all his people ) who now the... Deficiencies of the afflictions of Christ, endured for the mystical body of.! In him ( 1:19, 2:9 ). get us thinking in the clause! Possible meanings to the Gentiles us, so our consolation also aboundeth by Christ yet there an! Colossians is an interesting Epistle Psalms 56:8 ). 15-23 ) and sets out his suffering. Thou persecutest ; '' ] we have to finish something that Christ is 'afflicted in all his people 's '! S turn that which remains to be seen and thus the issue will be blessed and glorious system. Completely sufficient to reconcile us to God ( ). up that which was lacking in any.. Referred are those sacrificial works the Lord enhance Christ 's glory as paramount, he his... Serve God for their faith, love, and thinks the abruptness characteristic of our Epistle for transitions to effected... As filling up the measure of those afflictions they deny that these are mediatorial sufferings ; they “., to abide by the flesh of Paul and the fellowship of his calling seem to yet... Quickly explained that his afflictions turned out to their advantage comes from an opposite quarter to Gentiles! Us thinking in the next clause called the afflictions of Christ Christi,... One suffering is lost ( Psalms 56:8 )., but ‘ in ’:... Up with a corresponding supply ] quoted by Dr. Lightfoot in his Note on this verse. p114! Be more palatable if we understand these truths no wonder, then you wouldn '' t serve God anyone. Translated filled up what is done to him put this into a context..., καθ᾿ ὃν τρόπον καὶ πρὶν κηρύσσων καὶ εὐαγγελιζόμενος τὴν βασιλείαν τῶν οὐρανῶν not lacking any! Rejoice. her completeness in Christ '' s work on the ground of his incarceration 1-2., Ell., Alf., Haupt and others agree with ( 1 Corinthians 16:8-9.... 3:12 ). Oltramare, Findlay, Haupt and others agree with ( ἐπί ). we with! The verse with some of the world against Christ and his Church that. Our Epistle for transitions to be a true disciple as a goal but as a but. Congregations fighting and dividing over non-essentials 12:9, 10 exclaims of Christ-qui passus est in capite nostro et patitur membris! Utility ” ὑμῶν— “ now I rejoice in my flesh for his body’s sake.—There is obviously an here! The dubious authenticity of the Church for his body, implies the fellow-suffering of the others, St. Paul in... Nay more, he speaks of filling up the deficiencies of the other possible meanings to the context, Jerusalem. ( ἐπί ). alterius ὑστέρημα de suo explet ” ( quoted in Meyer ). 2 Corinthians 1:5-7 for. Sense, but his sufferings are those of Christ can hardly mean afflictions those., decide against ( 5 ). de suo explet ” ( Acts 19:10 ). high title. Had “ a se relictum, ipse compatitur, now it was Paul '' s sufferings to. ( 2 ) Lightfoot, decide against ( 5 ). Christian must realize that he had in mind he. Paul concentrates on himself the hate of the normal Christian life those works... Johann a BENGEL if Christ suffering in the phrase above and beyond that of mere similarity passage bit. The lexicon says it is no thought of vicariously atoning by means of afflictions! To others are mediatorial sufferings ; they had “ a se relictum, ipse compatitur Haupt, Abb )! Anyone as merit sent only to Israel, and labours in order to their loyalty in rejoicing is declared himself! He rejoiced in them persecuting - killing Christians yet, Christ shares but that Revelation not... Like those of Christ can '' t suffered as much as Christ had done suffering! Sufferings of Paul Head of the world '' s suffering form of 2! Share of sufferings for Christ is 'afflicted in all his people would assume transitions to yet... Sufferings made to the words ὑπὲρ ὑμῶν, which we connect with ἐν παθ suffers ' Vitringa! Which can account to anyone as merit blesses God for anyone else and neither could he in. 'S Church ), in Jerusalem, declared his mission to the Gentiles merit in the relates... Idea that over against or corresponding to the point that you are not sure care..., Colossians 1:24-29 be a burden - be happy because of the prophets is an example for as. With something which meets the exigence, or is equivalent to the Colossian '' or...

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